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Utrecht

Utrecht (Roman Trajectum ad Rhenum), a province and its capital in the kingdom of the Netherlands. The former has an area of 534 square miles, being bounded N. by North Holland and the Zuyder Zee, W. by South Holland, and E. by Guelderland. Except in the S. the surface is level, and affords excellent pasturage. The Leck, Eem, and Vechte are the chief rivers. The city is the most ancient in Holland, and was the seat of a bishopric late in the 7th century. It stands on the Old Rhine 20 miles S.E. of Amsterdam. Among many interesting buildings are the cathedral of St. Martin, two other cathedral churches, the Pope's House (built by Adrian VI.), the Mint, the University (founded in 1630), and the Stadthaus or town-hall. The chief industries are plush-weaving, carpet-making, tobacco, and books.

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