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Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich

Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich (1743-1819), a German philosopher and man of letters, was born at Dusseldorf. His youth was devoted to business, and his middle life to the service of the State. In 1805 he became president of the Munich Academy. A zealous adherent of Spinoza, and an acquaintance of Lessing and Goethe, he had controversies with Moses Mendelssohn and Schelling. His chief works were On the Things of God and their Revelation, David Hume on Belief, and Waldemar, a philosophic novel.