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HailesHailes, Sir David Dalyrymple, Lord (1726-92), Scottish judge, descended from a family of lawyers, was born at Edinburgh and educated at Eton and Utrecht. He was admitted to the Scotch Bar in 1748, was raised to the bench as Lord Hailes in 1766, and ten years later became a judge of the criminal court. He is chiefly known to posterity by his antiquarian researches, his friendship with Dr. Johnson, and his controversy with Gibbon, against whom he appeared as the apologist of Christianity. His chief works were The Annals of Scotland, Memorials and Letters relating to the History of Britain in the Reign of James I, and an edition of The Works of the Ever-memorable Mr. John Hales of Eaton.
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